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P. Amacher, Freud's Neurological Education and Its Influence on Psychoanalytic Theory. Psychological Issues 4 no. 4, Monograph 16. N.Y.: International Universities Press, 1965.

*E. A. Burtt, The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science, 2nd ed., Routledge, 1932, esp. last ch.

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D. Rapaport, The Structure of Psychoanalytic Theory: A Systematizing Attempt Psychological Issues 2 no. 2, Monograph 6. N.Y.: International Universities Press, 1960.

*______ and M. M. Gill, 'The Points of View and Assumptions of Metapsychology', Internat J. Psychoanal. 40:1-10,1959.

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*A. N. Whitehead (1925) Science and the Modern World ; reprinted Free Association Books, 1985, esp. chs 2 and 3.

*R. M. Young, 'Freud: Scientist and/or Humanist', Free Assns. 6:7-35,1986

______ (1994) Mental Space. Process Press, esp. ch. 1.


Jim Hopkins & Wolheim





R.M.Young 3.95/ Psychoanalytic Studies


Bion, W. R. (1961) Experiences in Groups and Other Papers. Tavistock.

*Freud, S. (1933) 'The Question of a Weltanschauung',

S. E. 22, pp. 158-82.

Gay, P. (1988) Freud: A Life for Our Time.

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*______(1984) Marxism and Totality: The Adventures of a Concept from Lukács to Habermas. Polity.

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*Lukács, G. (1923) 'Reification and the Consciousness of the

Proletariat', in his History and Class Consciousness. Merlin,


Mannheim, K. (1936) Ideology and Utopia: An Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge. Routledge; pb, 1960.

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Young, R. M. (1973) 'The Human Limits of Nature', in J. Benthall, ed., The Limits of Human Nature. Allen Lane, pp. 235-74.

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*______(1990) 'Second Nature: The Historicity of the Unconscious', paper delivered to the Centre for Psychoanalytioc Studies, University of Kent, typescript.

R. M. Young/FA Educ. Prog. '95




Borst, C. V. (1970) The Mind/Brain Identity Theory: A Collection of Papers. . St Martin's Press.

Broad, C. D. (1937) The Mind and Its Place in Nature. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, esp. ch 3.

*Burtt, E. A.(1932) The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science, 2nd ed., Routledge, esp. last ch.

*Descartes, R. (1637) Discourse on Method and The Meditations. Penguin, 1968, esp. Discourse.

Hintz, Howard W. (1960) 'Whitehead's Concept of Organism and the Mind-Body Problem', in Hook, ed. (1960), pp. 100-12.

Hook, Sydney (1960) Dimensions of Mind: A Symposium. N.Y.: New York University Press.

Kuhlenbeck, Hertwig (1958) ‘The Meaning of “Postulational Psychophysical Parallelism”’, Brain 81:588-603

McDougall, William (1911) Body and Mind: A History and a Defense of Animism. Methuen.

Meehl, P. E. and Sellars, Wilfred (1956) 'The Concept of Emergence', in Herbert Feigl and Michael Scrivens, eds., Minnesota Studies in the Philosohy of Science. Vol. I, pp. 239-52.

O'Connor, John (1969) Modern Materialism: Readings a on Mind-Body Identity. N.Y.: Harcourt, Brace & World pb., esp. chs by Rorty and Feyerabend.

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Rapaport, David The Structure of Psychoanalytic Theory: A Systematizing Attempt Psychological Issues 2 no. 2, Monograph 6. N.Y.: International Universities Press, 1960.

______ and M. M. Gill, 'The Points of View and Assumptions of Metapsychology', Internat J. Psycho-Anal. 40:1-10,1959.

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Shalom, Albert (1985) The Body/Mind Conceptual Framework and the Problem of Personal Identity. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press International.

*Strawson, P. F. (1959) Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics.. Methuen, esp. ch on ‘Sounds’.

Wilson, Margaret D. (1978) 'Cartesian Dualism', in Michael Hooker, ed., Descartes: Critical and Interpretive Essays. Johns Hopkins, pp. 197-211.

**Whitehead, A. N. (1925) Science and the Modern World ; reprinted Free Association Books pb, 1985, esp. ch. 3.

Wisdom, John (1934) Problems of Mind and Matter. Cambridge; pb, 1963.

*Young, R. M. (1967) ‘Animal Soul’, in P. Edwards, ed., Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.Y.: Macmillan, vol. 1, pp. 122-27.

______ (1967) ‘Philosophy of Mind and Related Issues’, Brit. J. Philos. Sci. 18:325-330.

______ (1979) ‘Why Are Figures so Significant? The Role and the Critique of Quantification’, in J. Irvine et al. , eds, Demystifying Social Statistics. Pluto, pp. 63-75.

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**______ (1990)‘The Mind-Body Problem’, in R.C. Olby et al., eds.,

Companion to the History of Modern Science Routledge, pp. 702-11.

______ Mental Space (1993) manuscript, esp ch. 1.


Amacher, Peter (1965)Freud's Neurological Education and Its Influence on Psychoanalytic Theory. Psychological Issues 4 no. 4, Monograph 16. N.Y.: International Universities Press.

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*Davidson, David (1980)Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford: Clarendon pb, esp. chs 11, 12, 13.

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Sours, J. A. (1961) ‘Freud and the Philosophers’, Bull. Hist. Med. 35:326-45.

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*______ (1970) Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century. Clarendon Press; reprinted in History of Neuroscience Series, Oxford University Press, 1990, esp ch.1.


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______(1990) Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. Free Association Books.

Holt, Robert R. 'A Review of Some of Freud's Biological Assumptions and Their Influence on His Theories', in N. S. Greenfield and W. C. Lewis, eds., Psychoanalysis and Current Biological Thought. Madison: Wisconsin, 1965, pp. 93-124.

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*Nagera, H., ed. (1981) Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts on the Libido Theory. Karnac pb.

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Robinson, Michael H. and Tiger, Lionel, eds. (1991) Man and Beast Revisited. Smithsonian Institution pb.

Smuts, Jan Christian (1926) Holism and Evolution.; reprinted Viking pb, 1961.

Sulloway, Frank Freud, Biologist of the Mind: Beyond the Psychoanalytic Legend. Burnett/Deutsch, 1979; Basic Books pb 1983.

Tyson, Phyllis and Tyson, Robert L. (1990) Psychoanalytic Theories of Development: An Integration. Yale pb.

Wiener, Philip P. (1949) Evolution and the Founders of Pragmatism. Harvard; reprinted n. Y.: Harper Torchbooks, 1965.

Winson, Jonathan (1985) Brain and Psyche: The Biology of the Unconscious. Garden City, N. Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday.

Young, Robert M. (1971) ‘Evolutionary Biology and Ideology: Then and Now’, in W. Fuller, ed., The Biological Revolution. Garden City:, N. Y.: Doubleday, pp. 241-82; also in Science Studies 1:177-206, 1971.

______ (1973) ‘The Human Limits of Nature’, in J. Benthall, ed., The Limits of Human Nature. Allen Lane, pp. 235-74.

*______ (1985) Darwin's Metaphor: Nature's Place in Victorian Culture. Cambridge University Press pb, esp. ch. 3.

______ (1985) ‘Darwinism is Social’, in D. Kohn, ed., The Darwinian Heritage. Princeton University Press, pp. 609-38.

**______ (1986) ‘Freud: Scientist and/or Humanist’, Free Assns. 6:7-35.

______ (1990) 'Darwinism and the Division of Labour’, Sci. as Culture 9:110-24.

______ (1993) ‘Darwin's Metaphor and the Philosophy of Science’, Sci. as Culture., (no. 16) 3:375-403.


Alexander, Franz (1950) Psychosomatic Medicine. N. Y.: Norton.

Brown, Barbara B. (1974) New Mind, New Body. Biofeedback: New Directions for the Mind. Harper & Row.

Brown, George W. and Harris, Tyril O. (1989) Life Eventsd and Illness. Unwin Heimann.

Brown, Theodore M. (1985) ’Descartes, Dualism and Psychosomatic Medicine’, in Bynum, W. F. et al., eds. (1985) The Anatomy of Madness: Essays in the History of Psychiatry. Vol. I. People and Ideas. Routledge, pp. 40-62.

Coward, Rosalind (1989) The Whole Truth: The Myth of Alternative Health. Faber & Faber; pb, 1990.

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N. Y.: International Universities Press pb.

Dunbar, H. F. (1935) Emotions and Bodily Change. N. Y.: Columbia.

Engel, George L. (1960) 'A Unified Concept of Health and Disease', IRE Trans. on Med. Electronics ME-7, Jan, 1960, pp. 48-57; reprinted in Perspectives in Biol. and Med. 3:459-85,1960.

______ (1967) 'The Concept of Psychosomatic Disorder', J. Psychosom. Res. 11:77-85.

______ (1977) 'The Need for New Medical Model: A Challenge for Biomedicine', Science 196:129-36.

______ and Schmale, A. H. (1967) ‘The Psychoanalytic Theory of Somatic Disorder’, J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn. 15:344-65.

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Green, Elmer and Alice (1977) Beyond Biofeedback. Delta; pb, 1978.

Greene, William A. (1968) ‘The Fallacy of Misplaced Concreteness’, Psychosom. Med. 30:873-80.

Hodes, Matthew and Morey, Stirling, eds. (1993) Psychological Treatment of Disease and Illness. Gaskell and The Society for Psychosomatic Research.

Kaufman, M. Ralph and Heiman, Marcel, eds. (1964) Evolution of Psychosomatic Concepts. Anorexia Nervosa: A Paradigm. N. Y.: International Universities Press.

*Lipowski, Z. J. et al., eds. Psychosomatic Medicine: Current Trends and Clinical Applications. N. Y.: Oxford, esp. introduction and chs by, Wittkower, Nemiah, Weiss.

MacLean, P. D. (1949) 'Psychosomatic Disease and the "Visceral Brain": Recent Developments Bearing on the Papez Theory of Emotion', Psychosom. Med. 11:338-53.

McDougall, Joyce Theatres of the Body: A Psychoanalytic Approach to Psychosomatic Illness. Free Association Books, 1989.

*Menninger, Karl (1938) Man Against Himself. Rupert Hart-Davis pb, esp. Part V: 'Organic Suicide', pp. 309-66.

Minuchin, Salvador (1978) PsychosomAtic Families: Anorexia Nervosa in Context. Harvard

Pietroni, Patrick (1986) Holistic Living: A Guide to Self-Care. Dent pb.

Schmale, A. H. (1972) ‘Giving Up as a Final Common Pathway to Changes in Health’, Advances in Psychosomatic Med. 8:20-40.

______ et al. (1970) ‘Current Concepts in Psychosomatic Medicine’, in O. W. Hill, ed., Modern Trends in Psychosomatic Medicine. Butterworth, pp. 1-25.

Schwartz, Mark S. (1987) Biofeedback: A Practitioner's Guide. Guilford pb

Shapiro, A. P. et al., eds. (1971) Psychosomatic Classics: Selected Papers from 'Psychosomatic Medicine', 1939-1958. Basle: Karger.

Siegel, Bernie (1986) Love, Medicine and Miracles, reprinted Arrow pb.

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______ (1993)Living, Loving and Healing: A Guide to a Fuller Life, More Love and Greater Wealth. Aquarian/Thorsons pb..

*Shorter, Edward (1992) From Paralysis to Fatigue: A History of Psychosomatic Illness in the Modern Era. Free Press, esp. ch. 9.

Sontag, Susan (1991) Illness as Metaphor and Aids and Its

Metaphors (1978, 1989). Harmondsworth: Penguin pb.

Stein, Howard F. and Soughik, K. R. (1978) ''Hypertension, Biofeedback, and the Myth of the Machine: A Psychoanalytic-Cultural Exploration', Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Social Thought 1:119-56.

Thomson, Rosy (1989) Loving Medicine: Patients' Experience of the Bristol Cancer Help Centre. Bath: Gateway Books pb.

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Angell, James R. (1907) 'The Province of a Functional Psychology', Psychol. Rev. 14:61-91.

Armstrong, David. (1991) 'The "Institution in the Mind": Reflections on the Relation of Psycho-analysis to Work with Institutions', paper read to the conference on Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere, Polytechnic of East London, 1-2 November.

Beishon, John and Peters, Geoff, eds. Systems Behaviour. Harper & Row pb, 1972.

Cannon, Walter B. (1932) The Wisdom of the Body, revised and enlarged, 1939; reprinted Norton Library pb, 1963

Checkland, P. (1981) System Thinking, System Practice. Wiley.

*de Board, Robert, (1978) The Psychoanalysis of Organizations: A Psychoanalytic Approach to Behaviour in Groups and Organizations. Tavistock, esp. ch. 8.

Demerath, N. J. III and Petersen, Richard A. (1967) System, Change and Conflict: A Reader on Contemporary Sociological Theory and the Debate Over Functionalism. Collier-Macmillan.

Emery, F. E., ed. Systems Thinking: Selected Readings. Harmondsworth: Penguin pb, 1969.

Henderson, L. J. (1913) The Fitness of the Environment: An Inquiry into the Biological Significance of the Properties of Matter. N. Y.: Macmillan; reprinted Boston: Beacon pb, 1958.

______ (1970 L. J. Henderson on the Social System: Selected Writings. Chicago pb.

Heyl, Barbara (1968) 'The Harvard "Pareto Circle"', J. Hist. Behav Sci. 4:316-34; reprinted in C. Chant and J. Fauvel, eds., Darwin to Einstein: Historical Studies on Science and Belief. Longman/Open University Press, 1980, pp. 135-54.

Hirschorn, Larry (1988) The Workplace Within: Psychodynamics of Organizational Life. MIT Press.

Lawrence, Gordon, ed. (1979) Exploring Individual and Organisational Boundaries. Wiley.

Lilienfeld, Robert The Rise of Systems Theory: An Ideological Analysis. Chichester: Wiley, 1978.

Miller, Eric and Rice, A. K. (1967) Systems of Organization. Tavistock.

*Morgan, Gareth (1986) Images of Organization. Sage, esp pp. 44-48. 235-53 re: systems theory

Nagel, Ernest (1961) 'Functionalism in Social Science', in The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation. Routledge, pp. 520-35.

*Radcliffe-Brown, A. R. (1935) 'On the Concept of Function in Social Science' in Structure and Function in Primitive Society:Essays and Addfresses. Cohen & West pb , 1952, pp.178-87.

Reed, B. D. and Palmer, B.W.M. (1972) An Introduction to Organizational Behaviour. Grubb Institute.

*Rice, A. K. (1969) 'Individual, Group and Intergroup Processes', Human Relations 22:565-84; reprinted in E. J. Miller, ed., Task and Organization. Wiley, 1976, pp. 25-46 also in Eric Trist and Hugh Murray, eds. The Social Engagement of Social Science: A Tavistock Anthology. Vol. I. The Socio-Psychological Perspective. Free Association Books, 1990, pp. 272-84. .

Senge, P. (1990) The Fifth Discipline. Doubleday (systems)

Shapiro, Edward R. and Carr, A. Wesley (1991) Lost in Familiar Places: Creating New Connections between the Individual and Society. Yale; pb, 1993.

*Spencer, Herbert (1860) 'The Social Organism', Westminster Rev. (Jan.); reprinted in The Man versus the State: with Four Essays on Politics and Society. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968. pp 195-233.

**Treacher, Andy (1986) 'Invisible Patients, Invisible Families - A Critical Exploration of Some Technocratic Trends in Family Therapy', J. Family Ther. 8:267-306

Trist, Eric (1985) 'Working with Bion in the 1940s: The Group Decade', in M. Pines, ed., Bion and Group Psychotherapy. Routledge; pb, 1985, pp. 1-46.

von Bertalanffy, Ludwig. General Systems Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications, revised ed. N. Y.: Braziller pb, 1968.

Wiener, Norbert (1950) The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society. Houghton, Mifflin; reprinted Free Association Books pb, 1989.

*Young, Robert M. (1981) ‘The Naturalization of Value Systems in the Human Sciences’, in Problems in the Biological and Human Sciences. Milton Keynes: Open University Press, pp. 63-110 - includes extensive bibliography on functionalism.


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