News in Brain and Behavioural Sciences
The Weekly Edition of The Human Nature Daily Review
Volume 1: Issue 21 - 7th July, 2001
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Addiction - Recent advances in scientific knowledge increasingly suggest that drug addiction is a brain disease that develops over time. The author argues that we must rise above the idea that addicts have "done it to themselves" and develop strategies that are as complex as the problem itself. [more]


Human genome - Two rival teams that cracked the human genome may have underestimated the number of human genes, according to a new computer analysis. Scientists in the United States claim humans are built from 66,000 genes, nearly twice as many as the current consensus. [more]


Exercise and mood - The benefits of exercise on the shape of the body and the heart are well known, but a new study reports that as little as 10 minutes of moderate exercise daily can improve mood and reduce fatigue. [more]


Editor's choice Archaeology - Stunning prehistoric engravings uncovered in a cave in western France could be just a foretaste of the treasures held in the dank interior, but the public will probably never get a glimpse, an archeologist said Thursday. [more] [video] [photographs] Nando Times, New Scientist.


Manic depression - Kay Jamison  gives a personal perspective on manic depressive illness. [more]


Depression - Research suggests virus is factor in mental illness In new study, pathogen turned up in nearly all mood-disorder patients. [more]


Human genetics - A team of leading U.S. and Indian genetic scientists have uncovered a strain of genes common to Europeans and upper caste Hindus. [more]


'Positive psychology' - Four researchers were awarded the 2001 John Templeton Positive Psychology Prize--psychology's largest monetary prize--on May 29. [more]


Mental illness - Putting a face on child mental illness An art exhibit seeks to raise awareness of a too-often-ignored problem. [more]


Archaeology - In the latest twist in the interminable tale of Kennewick Man, four leg bones that disappeared 4 years ago have apparently resurfaced at the Benton County sheriff's storage facility in Kennewick, Washington. [more]


Human ecology - Two large-scale studies examine how neighborhoods affect the well-being of children and whether moving can make a difference. [more]


Depression - An electric lamp which is claimed to cure depression has been invented by German psychiatrists. [more]


Editor's choice Dawkins - Need someone to deny the existence of God? Then Richard Dawkins is the man to ask. Thomas Sutcliffe meets the best-selling scientist with an answer for everything (almost). [more]


Manic depression - Lieutenant Commander Roderick Harvey had a glittering naval career, a loving family and many friends. But he lost them all when he developed manic depression, a terrifying illness that affects around one per cent of the population. [more]


Mental health - Wealth and spending may be associated with success and happiness, but they will not give you a love for life. [more]


Creationism - July's edition of WorldNet magazine presents a breathtaking investigative report on the debate between evolutionists and creationists. [more]


Mental health - A mineral supplement developed for calming aggressive pigs has been modified to treat children and adults with serious mental disorders, a Canadian scientist said on Tuesday. [more]


Love - For three decades, relationship research psychologists have been able to pinpoint behaviors in couples that lead to successful, fulfilling and enduring relationships and conversely, behaviors that are corrosive, insidious and deleterious to the bonds of love. [more]


Psychotherapy - Naomi Himmelfarb advises on how to choose a psychotherapist. [more]


Obesity - Obesity is on the increase, but scientists may have found a way to trick the brain mechanism that tells the body to store fat, says Roger Highfield. [more]


Neuroscience - Database of scans can be used as a window into the mind. Scientists say they can discern between young and old, men and women, truth and falsity. But mysteries abound. [more]


Disease evolution - One of the most remote, isolated villages in Italy on the island of Sardinia is finding itself on the cutting edge of genetic research. [more]


Antidepressants - New mothers who need to take medication to treat conditions such as depression, bipolar disorder or anxiety disorders may be able to safely breast-feed if a pediatrician monitors the infant for any adverse effects of the drug. [more]


Editor's choice Darwinian medicine - Scientists have recently been working on the link between human beings and diseases in line with the theory of evolution proposed by British scientist Charles Darwin (1809-82). They expect to eventually obtain further knowledge on diseases by applying Darwin's theory to medical science. [more]


Science - Dennis Overbye reports on the troubles afflicting the New York Academy of Sciences. [more]


Evolution - American researchers say they have found new genetic evidence about the family tree of mammals. [more]


Development - Babies born to poorly-nourished mothers tend to be small and thin; they undergo irreversible changes to their metabolism and to their hormonal and circulatory systems that predispose them to disease. [more]


Sexual behaviour - College girls are most likely to be satisfied with life in middle age if they were eager to have sex when young, US researchers claim. [more]


IQ - "Holidays are bad for the brain, according to a German psychologist who says three weeks of lazing around shrinks the average IQ by 20 points", who was probably on holiday at the time. [more]


Human genome - "The New York Times, on its front page above the fold, leaked the news that the two competing projects to sequence the human genome were about to announce on that very day that they had indeed located the Holy Grail... " Richard Lewontin on the Human Genome Project. [more]


Depression - German scientists have found that a virus carried by man's best friend can leave humans feeling like they are in the dog house. [more]


Male infertility - Every study of male infertility produces more dramatic statistics of its precipitous increase. It's one of the most extraordinary changes to the make-up of the human body - and probably one of the most rapid - history has ever known. [more]


Depression - A survey of more than 1300 adolescents for depression has recommended a revamp of counselling services at schools. [more]


Nature versus nurture - Robert Winston says new evidence shows that upbringing has more bearing on our character than genes. [more]


Beauty - Researchers at Yale have apparently conducted research into how different hairstyles colour our first impressions. [more]

Psychotherapy - Joan Arehart-Treichel looks at the evidence that psychotherapy changes the brain. [more]


SUBSCRIBE to this weekly newsletter on brain, behaviour, and evolution by sending a blank email here. You are welcome to join our discussions on evolution or mental health.


Violence - Ken Hausman says that predicting violence is possible but complex. [more] [other news]


Face perception - Newborn babies are wrinkled, wide-eyed strangers in a strange land of light, shadow, and color. Nonetheless, these little bundles of visual innocence take an immediate shine to faces. [more]


Editor's choice Neuroscience - A neural correlate of working memory has been identified in the monkey primary visual cortex (V1). This component may link sensory activity with memory activity. [more]


'Cryptic evolution' - Research published tomorrow further enhances Lewis Carroll's reputation as a closet evolutionary biologist by revealing, in an exceptional analysis according to some specialists, how genetic evolution can fail to keep up with a changing environment. [more]


Stress - An intensive program that teaches meditation skills may help people reduce the psychological and physical effects of high stress, according to a new study. [more]


Bulimia - A clinical review. Bulimia nervosa is an intense preoccupation with body weight and shape, with regular episodes of uncontrolled overeating of large amounts of food (binge eating) associated with use of extreme methods to counteract the feared effects of overeating. [more]


Genetics - Earlier this year, researchers mapping the human genome estimated that human DNA contains about 30,000 genes. Now, based on the first-ever look at comparable sections of human and mouse DNA, a team of Walnut Creek-based Joint Genome Institute (JGI) scientists has confirmed that estimate as roughly accurate. [more]


Happiness - A study that followed couples for more than 25 years has revealed some of the factors that contribute to a happy life during middle age. Among the most important is a stable and loving relationship, researchers say. [more]


Editor's choice Genetics - Mice and humans both have certain regulatory genes that drive chromosome evolution. [more]


Editor's choice Art - Understanding what makes a work of art beautiful might be an important clue into the workings of the human brain. [more] and [more]


Vision - The brain's structures are prewired to enable development of the visual system but normal visual experience is required for complete maturation. [more]


Neuroscience - Cortical remodelling induced by activity of ventral tegmental dopamine neurons. [more]


Editor's choice Dopamine responses - The use of analytical tests derived from formal behavioural learning theory provides a powerful approach for studying the role of single neurons in learning. [more]


'Mate-poaching' - Those who attempt to steal another's mate are more likely to succeed if they cozy up emotionally to their desired object, flaunt easy sex or generous gifts, and target those who are close to a breakup anyway. [more]


VISIT OUR WEB SITES: Human Nature, Online Dictionary of Mental Health, Darwin and Darwinism, The Human Nature Daily Review, Against All Reason 


Crime - Several studies have linked a form of mental illness called organic brain syndrome with an increased likelihood of committing crimes, but the results of new research suggest that the association between crime and the mental illness is not as straightforward as some experts have thought. [more]


Editor's choice Face recognition - To recognize faces and identify facial expression, both with equal skill, pre-pubescent boys use more of their right brain and pre-pubescent girls use more of their left brain. [more]


Editor's choice Schizophrenia - Dopamine agonist therapy might improve cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia, according to a presentation here at the 48th annual meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine in Toronto, Canada. [more]


Depression - A discussion on the study by Shelton and colleagues of St John's Wort and major depression. [more]


Genetics - Genes that are found separately in one genome are likely to be functionally related if they are fused together as a continuous sequence in another genome. [more]


Artificial personality - For the first time, a standard psychological test used by clinicians worldwide in the evaluation and treatment of adults will be administered to a machine-based artificial personality. [more] and [more]


Editor's choice Language - Brain imaging studies at McGill University in Montreal have overturned conventional theories about the way that humans acquire and process language. [more]


Infertility - Doctors and scientists are almost certainly missing evidence that adverse environmental factors may be responsible for an increase in a range of problems in male reproductive health, according to a leading Danish fertility expert. [more]


SUBSCRIBE to this weekly newsletter on brain, behaviour, and evolution by sending a blank email here. You are welcome to join our discussions on evolution or mental health.


Aging - Relying on a network of family and friends for emotional support may slow the cognitive decline associated with getting older, and single older people may stay mentally sharper than married couples, according to a new analysis of data from the MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. [more]

Evolution - Lee M. Silver reviews The Cooperative Gene: How Mendel's Demon Explains the Evolution of Complex Beings by Mark Ridley. [more] [first chapter]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Economics - Paul Mattick reviews Economic Sentiments: Adam Smith, Condorcet, and the Enlightenment by Emma Rothschild. [more] [first chapter]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Science (humour) - A brief guide to the books that everyone will be talking about, flicking through in bookshops, and exchanging for credit this summer. [more]


Religion - Michael Shermer reviews Why God Won't Go Away: Brain Science and the Biology of Belief by Andrew Newberg, Eugene D'Aquili, and Vince Rause. [more]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Mental illness - Strong Imagination: Madness, Creativity and Human Nature by Daniel Nettle. [more]
Amazon US
| Amazon UK

Barnes & Noble


Evolutionary psychologyWarrior Lovers by  Catherine Salmon and Donald Symons. [more]
Amazon UK


Consciousness - Aldo Mosca reviews The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization edited by Ralph D. Ellis and Natika Newton. [more]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Child development - Nicholas Shea reviews The Scientist In The Crib: What Early Learning Tells Us About the Mind by Alison Gopnik, Andrew N. Meltzoff, and Patricia K. Kuhl. [more]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Philosophy - D. S. Clarke reviews Simple Mindedness: In Defense of Na´ve Naturalism in the Philosophy of Mind by Jennifer Hornsby. [more]

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Barnes & Noble


Depression - Christian Perring reviews Unholy Ghost: Writers on Depression by Nell Casey. [more]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Social psychology - Pawel Kawalec reviews Social Representations: Explorations in Social Psychology by Serge Moscovici. [more]
Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Antidepressants - Christian Perring reviews Prozac Backlash: Overcoming the Dangers of Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, and Other Antidepressants With Safe, Effective Alternatives by Joseph Glenmullen. [more]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Psychosis - Heather C. Liston reviews Sounds from the Bell Jar: Ten Psychotic Authors by Gordon Claridge, Ruth Pryor, and Gwen Watkins. [more]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Human Genome - Larry D. Hultgren reviews Genome: Updated Edition The Story of the Most Astonishing Scientific Adventure of Our Time by Jerry E. Bishop and Michael Waldholz. [more]
Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Psychotherapy - Alex Howard reviews The Real World Guide to Psychotherapy Practice by Alex N. Sabo and Leston Havens. [more]

Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Human genome - Frances Gillespie reviews Genetic Maps and Human Imaginations: The Limits of Science in Understanding Who We Are by Barbara Katz Rothman. [more]
Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Depression - Keith S. Harris reviews Subordination and Defeat: An Evolutionary Approach to Mood Disorders and Their Therapy edited by Leon Sloman and Paul Gilbert. [more]
Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Editor's choice APLS - The 2001 annual meeting of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences (APLS) will be held in Charleston, South Carolina, USA, October 18-21 on the campus of the College of Charleston. [more]


Psychoanalysis - Su Terry reviews Mental Slavery: Psychoanalytic Studies of Caribbean People by Barbara Fletchman Smith. [more]
Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Gender - S. H. Seppo reviews Sexing the body: Gender Politics and The Construction of Sexuality by Anne Fausto-Sterling. [more]
Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


History - Frank Whitford reviews Gwen Raverat: Friends, Family & Affections by Frances Spalding. [more]
Amazon US | Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble


Science - Robin McKie reviews Fragile Science: The Reality Behind the Headlines by Robin Baker. [more]
Amazon UK